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The History of Wood-Fired Ovens

Ever wondered how the first wood-fired oven came to be? Where did it originate and what were people cooking in it?

Here's an interesting summary of the traditional brick wood-fired oven that we have come to love as our Authentic Pizza Oven.


Beloved for centuries worldwide

Wood-fired ovens have been around for centuries, and their popularity has only increased over time. They are a traditional form of oven that uses wood as fuel to cook food. They are usually made of brick or clay, but can also be made out of metal or other materials.











Wood-fired ovens were used in the past to make bread and pizza, but they are now used for a variety of dishes such as roasts and stews.

The history of wood-fired ovens is an interesting one, as it shows how people have adapted this traditional cooking method to fit the changing needs of society.


What is the origin of pizza ovens?

Wood-fired ovens have a long and rich history, dating back to ancient civilizations. In fact, evidence of wood-fired ovens has been found in archaeological sites in several regions, including ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome.

Traditionally, pizza ovens were made of brick and fired with wood. This type of oven was used in homes and restaurants throughout Europe and the Mediterranean region.

Read: About Your Oven

The use of wood-fired ovens is believed to have originated in Naples, Italy in the 1700s. The high heat generated by these ovens resulted in a unique flavor that could not be replicated using other cooking methods. This style of pizza has since become known as Neapolitan pizza or “true” Italian pizza.














Today, modern pizza ovens are made from a variety of materials including metal, ceramic, and stone. However, traditional brick ovens are still popular among chefs who prefer the taste and texture that only a wood-fired oven can produce.


When was the first pizza oven invented?

The invention of the first pizza oven can be traced back to the early days of Ancient Rome. During this time, wood-fired ovens were used to cook flatbreads. Later, traditional brick ovens were used to bake pizzas in Italy and other parts of Europe. These brick ovens are still used today for making authentic Italian pizzas.

One of the earliest known examples of a wood-fired oven is the Roman oven, known as a "fornax." These ovens were typically made of brick or stone and were heated by burning wood in a firebox located at the bottom of the oven.

The heat from the fire would circulate around the oven, creating a hot, even temperature that was ideal for baking bread, pizza, and other foods.

In medieval Europe, wood-fired ovens became an essential part of daily life. Every town had a communal oven where residents could bring their dough to be baked. These ovens were often located in the center of town and were a social gathering place for residents.


The Evolution of Wood-Fired Ovens

As European settlers migrated to the Americas, they brought their wood-fired oven traditions with them. In colonial America, wood-fired ovens were commonly used for baking bread, pies, and other baked goods. These ovens were typically built into the fireplace of the home, with a chimney to vent the smoke.

In the 19th century, wood-fired ovens were replaced by coal and gas-fired ovens, which were more efficient and easier to use. However, wood-fired ovens have made a resurgence in recent years, particularly in the world of artisanal bread baking and pizza making.

Many restaurants and bakeries now use wood-fired ovens to create a unique, rustic flavor that cannot be replicated with modern ovens.

Related: Pizza Industry Trends


Wood-Fired Ovens Today

Today, wood-fired ovens are available in a variety of styles and sizes, from portable ovens that can be used in outdoor settings to large, permanent ovens that are built into restaurant kitchens.

Read: Portable Wood-Fired Ovens

While the technology behind wood-fired ovens has evolved over the centuries, the basic principles remain the same: the heat from burning wood creates a hot, even temperature that is perfect for baking a variety of foods.

Related: Exploring Regional Pizza Styles with Authentic Pizza Ovens


What is the BEST feature of a Wood-Fired Oven?

Overall, the most outstanding feature of a wood-fired oven is its ability to produce high-quality, delicious food with a unique flavor and texture that cannot be replicated by other types of ovens.


Your Authentic Pizza Oven

Our handmade wood-fired ovens are without a doubt among the finest, most authentic ovens in the world. They are crafted from quality natural materials to ensure the best, most authentic product.

Each oven is triple insulated which is very important when looking for a wood-fired oven. It comes in one piece and not fabricated as kits. 

Authentic Pizza Ovens are hand-made by artisans local to a town just north of Lisbon, Portugal.


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